nichepoetryandprose

poetry and prose about place

Posts Tagged ‘family history

Norman Families Living in Missouri in 1870

with 11 comments

In my search for my Great-Grandfather Frank Norman, I became interested in where Norman families were living in Missouri in 1860 and 1870. Frank was born around 1855, so it is likely his family was still in Missouri for the 1860 Census and may have been there in 1870. Locating all the Normans in Missouri also helped me be certain I have not missed any possible Frank Normans in my search.

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In a previous post, I located the Norman families living in Missouri in 1860 on an 1856 map. Today’s post shows the Norman families in Missouri in 1870. Each black dot represents one to three households living at that location in 1870. I have included the table of households at the end of this post, in case this information would help other Norman families in their genealogy searches. I have double-checked the information but please be aware, there may be households missing or incorrect. My next genealogy project is to map the Norman families in Missouri in 1880.

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Norman Families in Missouri 1870

 

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In 1870, there were 148 households in Missouri with people having the surname Norman (in 1860, there were 92). Some of these were families, some with more than one generation in the household, some with as many as nine children. Some were young men or women living or working as servants or laborers with other families. Some were young children, living with foster families or in one case, in an orphanage (Lucy Norman, 12 years old).

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To see the change in the Norman families, compare the 1860 and 1870 map below. The numbers of Norman families have increased due to migration from other states, or because older children have established their own families. Some families or their members have migrated to the cities of Saint Louis or Kansas City.

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By comparing the family lists, the whereabouts of various families can be traced. For example, in Laclede County in 1860 there were two Norman families, including Moses and Betsy Norman who I think may be Frank’s parents. By 1870, this family is no longer in Laclede County or anywhere else in Missouri. Also, I know from other records that their son Benj has died. The other 1860 Norman family (Moses and Lucinda with eight other family members) is now represented by Lucinda and four other family members (Moses died in 1873, so it is unknown why he is not with the family at Census time). I can trace remnants and descendants of this family through to 1880 (Lucinda died in 1891).  There are two other Norman families in Laclede County in 1870, Newton Norman and William Norman. Newton Norman is Lucinda’s son and has his own family.  I do not know the relationship, if any, of William Norman to the Moses and Lucinda family.

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Norman Families Missouri 1860Norman Families in Missouri 1870

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Six of the 1870 Norman families had sons named Francis/Frank. There is also a Frank L (born 1836) in St. Joseph, Buchanan County who is too old to  be my Frank, and an ‘F. Norman of uncertain age in St, Louis.  I think my ancestor was Francis M. Norman, son of Moses and Betsy Norman, living in Hooker, Laclede County in 1860. In 1870, he is 18 years old and if his parents have died, he could be anywhere. Sad sentence for a family historian!!!

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Copyright 2016 Jane Tims

Family Number (for my own reference) Male (usually husband but also father or son) Age Female (usually wife but also mother or daughter) Age Number Other Normans in House-hold

(* son Francis)

Township County Living with another family
135 Salina 26 Rochester Andrew Cook
139 Laura E. 20 Lincoln Andrew Jackson
124 Alexander 16 Nancy 57 1 Deer Creek Bates
47 Caleb 37 Josephine 35 4 Boone Bates
110 William 29 Julia 19 2 Capps Creek Barry
80 Marion 24 1 Fristoe Benton
7 W. L. 59 Mary 60 4 Cedar Boone
35 James 41 Armina 23 5   * Cedar Boone
138 Maj 21 2 Cedar Boone
22 Enos 48 Nancy 47 6   * Jackson Buchanan
121 Charlotte 63 Center Buchanan Smith
41 Charles 39 4 St. Joseph Buchanan
42 John 39 Mary E. 21 9 St. Joseph Buchanan
55 Frank L. 34 Stacy J. 26 2 St. Joseph Buchanan
68 James 30 St. Joseph Buchanan
69 Jas 30 St. Joseph Buchanan
115 B.F. 27 St. Joseph Buchanan Thompson
141 Mary 16 St. Joseph Buchanan McClean
144 Josephine 13 St. Joseph Buchanan Cunningham
32 Smith 44 Hannah 41 Hamilton Caldwell
71 Fayett 29 Elen 26 4 Warren Camden
48 Caleb 33 Josie 26 4 Dolan Cass
9 George W. 57 5 Cedar Cedar
131 Hillina 32 1 Twnshp 53 Chariton
15 Hiram 52 Juda 52 4 Polk Christian
62 William 33 Sarah 30 3 Polk Christian
91 William 26 Elisabeth 22 Wyaconda Clark
143 Mary 14 Jackson Clark
54 A.M. 34 Fannie 26 Saline Cooper
113 William 28 Eleanor 20 1 Greenfield Dade
27 Eldridge 46 Julia 40 2 Benton Dallas
57 William 34 Lucy 30 8   * Benton Dallas
107 Thomas 21 Adeline 20 Benton Dallas
24 Joseph 47 Phoeba 43 3 Jefferson Davies
117 John F. 27 Sherman Dekalb Tenneson
99 James M.P. 23 Mary F. 23 Findley Douglas Ellison
31 Henry 44 Emilie 24 Boles Franklin
72 James T. 11 1 Miller Gentry Setzer
82 William J. 23 Miller Gentry Sutzer
94 Louis C. 25 Martha F. 25 2 Cooper Gentry
16 James 52 Sarah 40 4 Pond Creek Greene
25 William 47 Mary 41 6 Center Greene
56 Robert 34 Mary 30 2 Wilson Greene
60 Josiah 33 Sarah A. 34 1 Taylor Greene
108 Jesse 29 Susanna 23 Taylor Greene
123 Daniel 17 Malinda 58 Taylor Greene
112 Olon 28 Trenton Grundy Hansen
147 Hattie 12 Marion Grundy Johnson
77 Milton S. 25 Lewis Holt Prie
88 Andy 20 Richmond Howard Patterson
2 Thomas 64 3 Kansas City Jackson
45 Thomas 38 Kansas City Jackson
63 Henry 32 Laura 21 Kansas City Jackson
95 A.J. 24 Kansas City Jackson
96 Thomas 64 3 Kansas City Jackson
105 James 21 Kansas City Jackson Madison
118 Joseph 27 Mary J. 23 3 Kansas City Jackson
3 Thron 62 Mary A. 55 3 Marion Jasper
20 Aaron Vanormond 49 Sarah 44 4 Benton Knox
5 Lucinda 52 4 Hooker Laclede
46 William 38 Mary 33 3 Lebanon Laclede
111 Newton 28 Virginia A. 35 3 Hooker Laclede
102 Joseph 22 Buck Prairie Lawrence Cummings
109 Milford 29 Mary 23 3 Buck Prairie Lawrence
132 Amanda 30 2 Monticello Lewis Howard
33 William 44 Mary 32 Chillicothe Livingston
51 Minnie 12 Chilicothe Livingston Reugger
140 Namie 18 Chillicothe Livingston
142 Basha 15 Chillicothe Livingston Bargdoll
65 Henry 31 Alice A. 25 2 Medicine Livingston
129 Elizabeth 35 2 Blue Mound Livingston
83 George 22 Warren Marion Hanley
134 Nancy L. 26 Somerset Mercer Duree
28 J.B. 45 Rosan 38 7   * Pilot Grove Moniteau
86 James M. 21 Anna 66 Pilot Grove Moniteau
64 J.W. 32 Mary J. 31 2 Willow Fork Moniteau
92 Joseph W.T. 25 Louisa A. 20 2 Clay Monroe
122 Eliza 58 Jackson Monroe Vaughn
18 Allen 50 Catherine 40 4 Danville Montgomery
90 Robert 19 Melissa 23 1 Danville Montgomery
29 William 45 Sarah 35 6 Mill Creek Morgan
13 Thomas M. 53 Julia A. 37 5 Oak Grove Oregon
100 John 23 Nancy 25 1 Oak Grove Oregon
120 George 26 Mary 23 2 Oak Grove Oregon
127 Hester 49 Oak Grove Oregon
38 M.G. 40 Mary 38 6 Piney Oregon
11 A. 54 Roda 36 Marion Ozark
67 James 30 Bowling Green Pettis
74 Jas 26 Mary 24 5 Bowling Green Pettis
75 John D. 26 Calumet Pike Kissinger
116 C.N. 27 Carroll Platte Adams
61 Thomas F. 33 Mary 28 4 Madison Polk
85 William T. 22 Lucretia 52 5 Looney Polk
1 Stephen 64 Mary A. 38 2 Sherman Putnam
43 L.M. 39 Susan 34 4 Sherman Putnam
101 Eph 22 Sherman Putnam Neff
14 George 52 Eliza 46 5 Center Ralls
73 Harry 17 Margaret 14 1 Jasper Ralls Brasher
79 Johnithan 24 Saline Ralls
81 Thomas 24 Mary 23 1 Salt River Ralls
78 Jas B. 24 Sarah 19 Polk Ray
104 Jack 21 E.D. 45 2 Current River Ripley
26 Albert 46 Mary 39 6 Fabius Schuyler
37 James 40 Hannah 66 3 Fabius Schuyler
39 Minor 40 Ellen 34 5 Fabius Schuyler
50 Doctor 35 Martha 25 4 Independence Schuyler
6 James 60 Kelso Scott
128 Caroline 37 1 Kelso Scott Hankerson
23 Charles W. 47 Mary E. 41 4 Moreland Scott
53 William 35 Diana 45 2   * Moreland Scott
70 John C. 30 Ann E. 23 2 Moreland Scott
84 Reuben 22 Harriet 25 2 Moreland Scott
89 James K. 20 Altha 24 Moreland Scott
145 Mary L. 13 Commerce Scott Archer
12 Birkett 54 Carlonie 54 3 Tiger Fork Shelby
40 Thomas 40 Sally 24 1 Osceola St. Clair Barth
8 Daniel 58 Bonhomme Sr. Louis Campbell
17 John 52 Mary 38 St. Louis St. Louis
19 Pat 50 St. Louis St. Louis
21 Daniel 49 Lucy 39 St. Louis St. Louis
49 David 35 St. Louis St. Louis
66 F. ?? St. Louis St. Louis
87 Saml 21 St. Louis St. Louis
93 Leslie R. 25 Mary 26 1 (Eliz 49) St. Louis St. Louis
98 Henry 24 St. Louis St. Louis
103 Michael 22 St. Louis St. Louis Heinsey
119 Dennis 26 St. Louis St. Louis
126 Lizzie 50 St. Louis St. Louis Washington
133 Angeline 30 St. Louis St. Louis
136 N. 25 St. Louis St. Louis
137 Louisa 22 St. Louis St. Louis Nayler
148 Lucy 12 St. Louis St. Louis Winter Orphanage
10 Christ 56 Catherin 56 3 Ste. Genevieve Ste. Genevieve
4 William 62 Sarah 38 2 Castor Stoddard
30 Wm 45 Sarah 38 8 Castor Stoddard
44 Matthew J. 38 Christian 35 6 Castor Stoddard
106 Levi 21 Missouri 21 3 Castor Stoddard
58 Andrew 36 Martha 34 6 Liberty Stoddard
36 Eli 40 Eliz 40 4 Liberty Stoddard
125 Elizabeth 42 3 Liberty Stoddard
146 Elizabeth 42 3 Liberty Stoddard
97 Enos W. 24 Mary E. 20 1 Clay Sullivan
59 John A. 33 Margaret 23 4 (Louisa 53) Cass Texas
34 Alfred R. 43 Cornelia 39 6 Henry Vernon
52 Jacob F. 35 Eliza 33 3   * Henry Vernon
76 George 25 Nellie L. 29 1 Osage Vernon
130 Henry 17 Nancy 33 3 Warrenton Warren
114 W.S. 28 Sarah C. 22 2 Various Wright

Written by jane tims

June 3, 2016 at 7:35 am

‘within easy reach’ … a poetry book about wild edibles and local foods

with 7 comments

all about my new book:

within easy reach by Jane Spavold Tims

(with a foreword by Freeman Patterson)

Chapel Street Editions, Woodstock

www.chapelstreeteditions.com

May 2016

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'within easy reach' 2016 Jane Spavold Tims

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includes poems and pencil drawings about

eating local foods and gathering wild edible plants

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'picking fiddleheads'

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poetry about picking berries, gathering herbs and roots, gardening, fishing

local markets, beekeeping and salad greens

explores how easy it is to bring local foods into your diet

and

considers the barriers to eating local and gathering wild foods

explores abandoned gardens

poisonous berries and berries in bottles

includes poems about our history of eating wild foods

and about New Brunswick’s special local foods:

maple syrup and fiddleheads

coastal plants like goosetongue greens and samphire

land-locked salmon 

notes on each plant – characteristics and uses

seventeen pencil drawings

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IMG331_crop

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this book will remind you of your own experiences picking berries

a tribute to every age of our lives – dancing in the school gym and picking berries with arthritic hands

it will recall the habits of your ancestors

a beautiful book – rests open in your hands as you read

a font so easy on the eyes

I hope you will love within easy reach

~

Jane Tims

2016

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Written by jane tims

May 23, 2016 at 12:01 pm

Norman Families Living in Missouri in 1860

with 6 comments

In my search for my Great-Grandfather Frank Norman, I became interested in where Norman families were living in Missouri in 1860. Frank was born around 1855, so it is likely his family was still in Missouri for the 1860 Census. Locating all the Normans in Missouri also helped me be certain I have not missed any possible Frank Normans in my search.

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To do this, I searched the 1860 US Census for the name Norman and located each family on an 1856 map of Missouri. Each black dot represents one or more households living at that location in 1860. I have included the table of households at the end of this post, in case this information would help other Norman families in their genealogy searches. I have double-checked the information but please be aware, there may be households missing or incorrect. My next genealogy project is to map the Norman families in Missouri in 1870.

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Norman Families Missouri 1860

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In 1860, there were 92 households in Missouri with people having the surname Norman. Some of these were families, some with more than one generation in the household, some with as many as eight children. Some were young men or women living or working as servants or laborers with other families. Some were young children, living with foster families.

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Four of Norman families had sons named Francis. As I have explained in earlier posts, I have eliminated three of these as possible candidates for my Great-Grandfather.  I think my ancestor  was Francis M. Norman, son of Moses and Betsy Norman, living in Hooker, Laclede County.

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Copyright 2016 Jane Tims

 

Norman Families in Missouri in 1860 in order of County (from US Census)

Household Number (for my own reference) Male (usually husband but also father or son) Age Female (usually wife but also mother or daughter) Age Number Other Normans in House-hold

(* son Francis)

Township County Family name if living with another family
14 Jas 37 Margaret 35 4 Jefferson Andrew
34 Lewis 47 Martha 26 4 Liberty Barry
35 Joseph 35 Mahala 33 7 Liberty Barry
47 Joel 39 Mary Ann 26 3 Shoal Creek Barry
73 George 68 Rachel 68 Liberty Barry
24 Mary 31 3 Cedar Boone
74 Jas T. 32 Cedar Boone Senor
65 Charlotte 60 Center Buchanan Smith
29 William 43 Eliz 27 4 Williamsburg Callaway
8 Jas 22 Eliz N. 24 Wakenda Carroll
54 C.P. 26 Josephine 18 2 Dolan Cass
12 Louisa 15 Jackson Clark McMillan
31 Charles 9 St. Francisville Clark Wayland
75 Jos 23 Moniteau Cooper Jones
53 Samuel 34 America 38 4 Benton Dallas
25 Joseph 36 Phoebe 32 4 Jefferson Davies
66 Elizabeth 60 Jefferson Davies Downs
30 William 9 Clay Dunklin Smith
76 John 40 Angeline 20 Union Dunklin
9 James 14 1* (F.) Boone Franklin Brauley
44 William A. 36 Mary A. 30 4* (Wm.F.) Wilson Greene
57 James C. 42 Sarah 30 2 Pond Creek Greene
77 Robert P. 25 Mary L. 19 Wilson Greene
61 Aaron (Vanarman) 39 Sarah 34 4 Center Knox
38 Moses 65 Lucinda 35 8 Hooker Laclede
39 Moses 29 Betsy 30 2 * (Francis M.) Hooker Laclede
60 William 14 Buck Prairie Lawrence Grammar
78 J.B. 30 Unknown 25 1 Twnshp 57 Linn
18 B.F. 27 Malinda 24 4 Chillicothe Livingston
79 Elias 30 Lefy 20 1 Chillicothe Livingston
13 B. 46 Caroline 45 7 Warren Marion
80 Giles 27 Ohio Mississippi Knowles
20 A.R. 32 C.A. 29 2 Twnshp 44 Moniteau
21 John 34 Rosanna 29 5* (S.F.) Twnshp 44 Moniteau
22 Alfred 60 Ann 56 3 Twnshp 44 Moniteau
63 Ann 56 Twnshp 44 Moniteau
81 George 21 Twnshp 44 Moniteau
82 Jacob F. 24 Twnshp 44 Moniteau
10 Thomas 14 C.C. 16 Jefferson Monroe Scobee
11 Handkerson 30 Nannie 36 3 Jefferson Monroe
68 Clarissa 45 Marion Monroe Irons
27 Allen 40 Catherine 30 5 Danville Montgomery
28 Barry 35 Dulcina 34 4 Danville Montgomery
64 Susan 69 Danville Montgomery Whitesides/Armstrong
45 Samuel 7 New Madrid New Madrid Fluty
83 William 28 New Madrid New Madrid White
26 Oliver 26 Arraminta 18 2 Nodaway Nodaway
5 Thomas N. 40 Julia A. 25 5 Oak Grove Oregon
6 Benjamin 52 Hester 39 1 Oak Grove Oregon
23 M.G. 30 Mary A. 29 3 Piney Oregon
7 John B. 17 Chlany 32 4 Clarkesville Pike
84 William 45 Eliza 32 4 Pettis Platte
40 Thomas J. 49 Lucina 43 8 Johnson Polk
41 G.W. 43 Eliza 36 6 Johnson Polk
19 L.M. 29 Susannah 26 3 York Putnam
85 Henry 32 Spencer Ralls
1 Samuel 22 Fabius Schuyler
2 Hannah 53 3 Fabius Schuyler
3 A. 36 Mary 28 4 Fabius Schuyler
86 James 29 Anna 19 Fabius Schuyler
87 Minor 26 Ellen 18 1 Liberty Schuyler
49 John 30 Mary 30 4 Mount Pleasant Scotland
59 Hankerson 59 Eliz 50 1 Harrison Scotland
15 Charles W. 37 Ally 72 4 Moreland Scott
16 John 50 Diana 36 5 Moreland Scott
48 Louis 43 Permelia 43 3 Kelso Scott
58 Washington 23 Bennetta 42 2 Kelso Scott
69 Bethia 43 1 Rickland Scott Archer
70 James 50 Kelso Scott
71 Henry 35 Eliza 30 3 Jackson Shelby
88 James 26 Tiger Shelby Graham
33 John 42 Mary 30 1 St. Louis St. Louis
56 Robert 20 St. Louis St. Louis
72 Dan 45 St. Louis St. Louis
89 Betson 63 St. Louis St. Louis
90 John 30 St. Louis St. Louis
91 William 30 Anna 30 1 St. Louis St. Louis
36 W.W. 53 Belinda 40 6 Castor Stoddard
37 William F. 37 Sarah 28 6 Castor Stoddard
42 Eli 32 Eliz 34 6 Liberty Stoddard
43 Elija 32 Elizabeth 32 3 Liberty Stoddard
92 Mathew J. 30 Christian 22 3 Castor Stoddard
46 Thomas 7 Mary 8 North Salem Sullivan Harris
50 Joseph 34 Virginia 34 5 West Locust Sullivan
51 George 35 Alcinda 35 8 West Locust Sullivan
52 Stephen 54 Frances 60 3 West Locust Sullivan
55 James 22 Mary 18 Ozark Texas
32 John 38 Deborah 38 6 Ozark Webster
67 Martha 49 Marshfield Webster
62 Peter 25 Jackson Westport Thoes

 

Written by jane tims

May 18, 2016 at 7:00 am

early schooling – what to do at recess

with 8 comments

When I was young, recess was a big deal. You had to take a treat to eat and something for play. In Grade Three, tops were all the rage. My Dad made me a top from a wooden spool and we painted it in a rainbow of colours. I can still see it spinning on the concrete step. We also played hop-scotch, ball games like Ordinary Secretary, marbles, skipping and tag.

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April 30, 2016 'top made from a wooden spool' Jane Tims

April 30, 2016 ‘top made from a wooden spool’ Jane Tims

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I am lucky to have some of my Dad’s writing about his early years and his experiences in a one room school. He went to the Weaver Settlement School in Digby County in Nova Scotia in the late 1920s and early 1930s. He tells about some of the activities at the school, especially at recess. Fishing was popular, as well as playing ball and trading jack knives.

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… There was a well out beside the school and it was a good appointment to take care of the water-cooler for a day of a week … Gave a student time off from books…

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… There was a brook nearby … In fall we usually built a dam so the brook became a pond for winter … A place to skate or just play on the ice …every moment of recess and noon was spent there …

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… The big contest was ‘who comes to school first in bare feet ’ … Our parents had control, not full control as there were hiding places for shoes and stockings along the way to school …

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Dad as a boy holding horse

Dad with the family horse Goldie in about 1930

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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I am certain recess is still a favorite time for school kids – time to talk with friends, play games and get a little break from the classroom. I think we could all build a little ‘recess’ into our busy lives!

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Copyright 2016 Jane Tims

 

 

early schooling in New Brunswick – teachers in 1888

with 6 comments

In my family, teaching was a much-revered profession. Both Mom and Dad were teachers, as were my Aunt and Uncle. Mom, and my Aunt and Uncle, taught in one room schools. Mom began teaching in the early 1940s, when she was only 16, just after her graduation from Grade Twelve. At first, she taught with a temporary teaching licence issued during the Second World War. Later she went to Normal School to obtain a permanent licence.

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Scan0006

a copy of the reader my Dad used in High School in Nova Scotia, about 1933 (High School Reader, 1913)

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To learn a little about teachers in one room schools in the late 1800s, I have continued to read the Annual Report of the Schools of New Brunswick, 1888  by the Chief Superintendent of Education. In 1888, teachers in New Brunswick were trained in the Provincial Normal School. Of the 1,582 teachers, 1,534 were trained and 48 were untrained. Teachers, depending on qualifications, were in three classes: I, II and III.

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In 1888 in New Brunswick, there were many more female teachers than male:

 Class #Male

Teachers

# Female

Teachers

I 114 141
II 157 644
III 108 404

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Scan0004

High School English Composition, 1913

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The salary of a teacher in 1888 was certainly small compared to today! The average yearly salary for teachers in New Brunswick in 1888 was lower for female than for male teachers:

  • male teachers $536.90 (First Class) (average salaries for the three Classes ranged from $231.00 to $536.90)
  • female teachers $328.49 (First Class) (average salaries for the three Classes ranged from $187.47 to $328.49)

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The Superintendent does not mention the inequity in pay for male and female teachers. He focuses on a decrease in pay from 1888 to 1889, criticizing the government for not being more generous to teachers. His worry was that teachers would not stay in the profession if salaries were too low.

… it is an ill-advised economy that seeks to maintain on the scantiest allowance a service which is essential to the preservation of order and the strength and progress of a country.

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The budget for all schools in the Province in 1888-1889, from provincial, federal and district sources, was $404,145.00 (not including building and property costs).

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two of the old school books in my collection: Nova Scotia Readers, 1911 (used in Nova Scotia) and The Canadian Readers, 1924 (used in Alberta)

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Copyright  2016  Jane Tims

early schooling in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia – including nature study

with 4 comments

Of all the classes given in 1888 in New Brunswick, I would have liked ‘Useful Knowledge’ the best. This is where I might have learned about birds and plants and butterflies.

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Bringing ‘Useful Knowledge’ into the classroom may have been a greater challenge than it appears. The focus was on  the three R’s (reading,’riting, and ‘rithmetic) and scarce resources meant less time for ‘frivolous’ subjects. In the neighboring province of Nova Scotia, educators faced a challenge when they tried to bring studies about the out-of-doors into the classroom. The situation in New Brunswick would have been similar.

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In her book Loran Arthur DeWolfe and The Reform of Education in Nova Scotia 1891-1959 (Truro, Nova Scotia: Atlantic Early Learning Productions, 1989), my aunt, Dr. Jane Margaret Norman described the situation in the late 1800s and early 1900s in Nova Scotia.  Dr. DeWolfe, Director of Rural Science Schools in Nova Scotia from 1913 to 1924, focused on including studies of nature and in particular agriculture in the schools. These were times of rural out-migration – interest in staying and working on the family farm paled in comparison to the adventures promised by leaving for the west. Dr. DeWolfe was convinced that the only way to keep people in rural areas was to interest them, from the start of their education, in the world of nature.

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Aunt Jane's book

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His solution was to include in the curriculum ‘field days’, ‘spring gardens’, folk dancing, lessons in canning food, ‘Planting Days’, and school fairs. My dad, who would have attended elementary school in the late 1920s, remembered Dr. DeWolfe visiting his school in rural Digby County. He told my aunt that Dr. DeWolfe “… always had something to say about nature.”

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Dad as a boy holding horse

My dad as a boy (holding the horse Goldie). Dad grew up in a rural area and attended a one room school. He remembered Dr. DeWolfe’s visits to that school and his emphasis on paying attention to the out-of-doors. Dad became a teacher and, as my teacher in Grade Six, taught me about the solar system and the cause of our seasons. He also taught me how to make a whistle from a willow twig.

 

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In New Brunswick, by 1888, ‘Useful Knowledge’ would have introduced many students in New Brunswick to nature studies. In rural schools (Ungraded Schools in Country Districts), the classes in Standard I (Grade 1) included ‘oral lessons on animals’ and, in Standard II (Grade 2) ‘natural specimens where possible’. Standard III (Grade 3) included ‘lessons on agricultural products of the district’, and Standard IV (Grade 4) studied ‘agricultural topics’ from Tanner’s First Principles of Agriculture. In addition to Tanner’s First Principles of Agriculture, Standards V and VI (Grades 5 and 6) used Bailey’s Natural History Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858-1954) was a horticulturist, naturalist and advocate of nature study.

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” … Stuffed birds do not sing and empty eggs do not hatch. Then let us go to the fields and watch the birds. Sit down on the soft grass and try to make out what the robin is doing on yonder fence or why the wren is bursting with song in the thicket. An opera-glass or spy-glass will bring them close to you. Try to find out not only what the colors and shapes and sizes are, but what their habits are … ” from the Birds and I , Liberty Hyde Bailey. http://libertyhydebaileyblog.blogspot.ca/

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Copyright 2016  Jane Tims

 

Where is Frank?

with 6 comments

In an attempt to keep making progress on my explorations of family history, and to justify my monthly contributions to Ancestry.com, I have implemented ‘genealogy Saturday’. On most Saturday’s, I pledge to discover more about my family, and to organize into a written account the information I already have. We’ll see how long this intention lasts.

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I continue to be interested in the life and family of my great-grandmother Ella (Mary Ellen) Hawk Norman (1859-1933). I now have information on much of her life. Thanks to the City Directories at Ancestry.com, I know where she lived almost every year from 1894 onward.

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Ella Hawk Norman

My only photo of my Great-Grandmother Ella (Hawk) Norman (in about 1928). She is second from the right, with her hands folded. The group is standing in front of Harowitz’ Restaurant in Scranton, Pennsylvania where she worked as a pastry cook in the early 1900s.

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I also know about her husband, my great-grandfather Frank Norman, from the date of their marriage in 1886 onward

(see my post about their marriage

https://janetims.com/2014/05/15/the-tale-of-a-marriage-certificate/

and about Frank’s fall from a horse https://janetims.com/2014/05/12/searching-the-newspapers-2/).

But I know nothing about him before 1886. Most of all, I would like to know the names of his parents, my great-great-grandparents. Of my sixteen great-great-grandparents, these are the only two names I do not know.

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Unfortunately, the name Frank Norman was common in the mid-eighteen hundreds. I know from various documents that Frank was born about 1855 in Missouri. There were about forty Frank Normans born in Missouri in the mid-century and deciding ‘who was who’ has taken a major effort.

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I used the following ‘rule base’ to help me sort through the many Frank Normans:

1. Discard any females (the names Francis or Frances have been used for both males and females)

2. Discard any Franks born before 1845 or after 1870 (he was at least 16 in 1886 when he married and no older than 40). Since Frank’s birth year (1855) comes from two sources and is likely near to correct, I was more stringent than this when looking at each record. I have often found birth dates in the Census suspect, probably because people were vague when providing information to the Census taker.

3. Discard any Frank Normans who had other spouses before 1896, especially those with children born in the 1880s (Ella and Frank divorced in 1896, so he could have remarried). This takes careful searching through the Census records and family trees, going back and forth to see who was in the various Frank Norman families. It is too bad we don’t have the 1890 Census !

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Missouri map 1956

Hooker, Laclede County is in south-central Missouri; Bethany is in Harrison County in northern Missouri

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After all this, I have found only one Frank Norman who meets my criteria. Francis M. Norman (born 1852 Missouri) lives with his father Moses Norman (born 1821 Tennessee), his mother Betsy (born 1820 Tennessee) and his brother Benj (born 1848 Missouri) in Hooker, Laclede County in Missouri (1860 Census).

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1860 Census Missouri

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There were two Moses Norman families living in Hooker, Laclede in 1860. The other Moses Norman (born 1895 Tennessee) lives with wife Lucinda and their children. Moses 1895 was a landowner in Laclede. Although I have not been able to connect the two Moses Normans, it is reasonable to think they were related. In the Census, they are living fifty houses from one another, perhaps a long way in the days of large farm properties and the ‘open country neighborhood’.

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I cannot find Moses and Betsy in any Census after 1860. A person named Benj (died 1873) is buried in the Moses Norman Cemetery in Sleeper, Laclede and this may be Moses’ (1821) son Benj.

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On Frank’s Application for a Marriage Licence (1886), he wrote that he lived in Bethany, Harrison County, Missouri. There were Norman families in the Bethany area by 1880 and Frank may have gone there from Laclede to live or work.

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I may never know the names of my great-great-grandparents for certain, but Moses and Betsy sound like good candidates. I will keep looking until the powers invent a time travel machine just for genealogists!

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Copyright 2016 Jane Tims

Written by jane tims

April 15, 2016 at 7:00 am

in the shelter of the covered bridge – the Canal Bridge twenty three years later

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Last Friday we drove to see three covered bridges in Charlotte County, New Brunswick – Canal Covered Bridge, McCann Bridge (Digdeguash River #4) and McGuire Bridge (Digdeguash River #3).  My husband, son and I visited two of these in 1992 as part of a project for Canada’s 125th anniversary (see

https://nichepoetryandprose.wordpress.com/2011/09/05/inside-the-covered-bridge/  ).

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Canal Bridge, Charlotte County, New Brunswick, August 2015

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The Canal Bridge was built in 1917. It crosses the deep natural canal connecting Lake Utopia with the Magaguadavic River.

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The Canal is wide and sinuous, unhurried in its flow …

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2015 051_crop

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The water is very low this time of year. The shallow areas are inhabited by water lilies, water shield and pickerel weed …

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2015 026_crop

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Many people have left their initials and messages inside this bridge …

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2015 043_crop

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My husband couldn’t remember if we had visited the Canal Bridge in 1992. But almost immediately he found a small set of initials in black on a board heavily marked by red paint.

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To me, very familiar initials! Back in May of 1992, we had left evidence of our visit. A very emotional experience, seeing our initials more than 23 years later! It was hard to go, knowing I was leaving behind a little bit of my family history.

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Copyright 2015 Jane Tims

Written by jane tims

August 24, 2015 at 7:06 am

linden – linden wing #2

with 4 comments

2015 GARDEN 009_crop

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linden wing #2

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thin green pale

I hoist my, turn my

tapered, paper sail

to wind-tasks, two

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first I nudge my mast

of flowers, rudder

to the breeze, my pollen-folk

hitch a ride with the bees

each captured grain a triumph

each launch a score

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later, I loose my mooring

detach, hoist spinnaker and main

samara of linden

and passenger seeds

sail away

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Copyright 2015  Jane Tims

Written by jane tims

July 17, 2015 at 7:00 am

linden – linden wing #1

with 7 comments

 

2015 garden 006_crop

the mature linden is heart-shaped like its leaf … this time of year it is filled with flowers, each cluster held on a stem in a long, leaf-like bract

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linden wing #1

Tilia cordata

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green, veined tongue

apex and base

alien, unlike leaf, unlike tree

winged though planted

grounded yet ready to fly

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tiny tree on a bract landscape

wind walks through

shudders still shadow

percussion, tousles unlikely flower

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olive feather of linnet

tongue and an idea is spoken

cluster of notes

sprinkled on air

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bitterness flows from basswood

taste bud to taste bud

trail of robin song

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2015 GARDEN 009_crop

near the center of the photo, you can see the pale green bracts, each holding a stem of several small flowers

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Copyright 2015 Jane Tims

 

 

 

 

Written by jane tims

July 15, 2015 at 7:56 am

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