nichepoetryandprose

poetry and prose about place

Posts Tagged ‘High School Reader 1913

early schooling in New Brunswick – teachers in 1888

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In my family, teaching was a much-revered profession. Both Mom and Dad were teachers, as were my Aunt and Uncle. Mom, and my Aunt and Uncle, taught in one room schools. Mom began teaching in the early 1940s, when she was only 16, just after her graduation from Grade Twelve. At first, she taught with a temporary teaching licence issued during the Second World War. Later she went to Normal School to obtain a permanent licence.

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a copy of the reader my Dad used in High School in Nova Scotia, about 1933 (High School Reader, 1913)

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To learn a little about teachers in one room schools in the late 1800s, I have continued to read the Annual Report of the Schools of New Brunswick, 1888  by the Chief Superintendent of Education. In 1888, teachers in New Brunswick were trained in the Provincial Normal School. Of the 1,582 teachers, 1,534 were trained and 48 were untrained. Teachers, depending on qualifications, were in three classes: I, II and III.

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In 1888 in New Brunswick, there were many more female teachers than male:

 Class #Male

Teachers

# Female

Teachers

I 114 141
II 157 644
III 108 404

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High School English Composition, 1913

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The salary of a teacher in 1888 was certainly small compared to today! The average yearly salary for teachers in New Brunswick in 1888 was lower for female than for male teachers:

  • male teachers $536.90 (First Class) (average salaries for the three Classes ranged from $231.00 to $536.90)
  • female teachers $328.49 (First Class) (average salaries for the three Classes ranged from $187.47 to $328.49)

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The Superintendent does not mention the inequity in pay for male and female teachers. He focuses on a decrease in pay from 1888 to 1889, criticizing the government for not being more generous to teachers. His worry was that teachers would not stay in the profession if salaries were too low.

… it is an ill-advised economy that seeks to maintain on the scantiest allowance a service which is essential to the preservation of order and the strength and progress of a country.

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The budget for all schools in the Province in 1888-1889, from provincial, federal and district sources, was $404,145.00 (not including building and property costs).

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two of the old school books in my collection: Nova Scotia Readers, 1911 (used in Nova Scotia) and The Canadian Readers, 1924 (used in Alberta)

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Copyright  2016  Jane Tims

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