Archive for the ‘family history’ Category
Perhaps strange to talk about a Maypole in July but Maypoles have been used for summer celebrations throughout the years. In the old stereoscope photo below, published by a company in Meadville Pennsylvania and St. Louis Missouri, the Maypole is referred to as a Daisy Pole.
When my Aunt Jane was young, attending a small school in Nova Scotia, field days were held in June. In her book, she recalls participating in a field day:
… I was in grade 1 … we had a “field day”. My dress was made of blue and white crepe paper and, holding on to the end of a white paper streamer, I danced around a May pole. I remember my great embarrassment as a gust of wind took the streamer out of my hand and sent it high in the air to flutter in the breeze …
Copyright Jane Tims 2016
In my Aunt’s book about early schooling in Nova Scotia, she tells an amusing story about field days at school:
… I recall another field day when Dr. DeWolfe, Miss Harris, and Miss Baker came with shrubs to our school. The shrubs were ten cents each. My mother had always longed for a weigela and a snowball and we were delighted that at last she could have her wish, for both these varieties were among Dr. DeWolf’s collection. They were duly planted at my home on the bank of the French River. One turned out to be a high bush cranberry and the other a spiraea, but today we still refer to them as the “snowball” and “weigela” and, I may mention, they have many an offspring throughout our province.
I must have seen the high bush cranberry and spiraea many times at my mother’s old home, but I don’t remember them in particular. I do remember the gardens, lush with rose bushes, tiger lilies, and grape vines.
Copyright 2016 Jane Tims
In my search for my Great-Grandfather Frank Norman, I became interested in where Norman families were living in Missouri in 1860 and 1870. Frank was born around 1855, so it is likely his family was still in Missouri for the 1860 Census and may have been there in 1870. Locating all the Normans in Missouri also helped me be certain I have not missed any possible Frank Normans in my search.
In a previous post, I located the Norman families living in Missouri in 1860 on an 1856 map. Today’s post shows the Norman families in Missouri in 1870. Each black dot represents one to three households living at that location in 1870. I have included the table of households at the end of this post, in case this information would help other Norman families in their genealogy searches. I have double-checked the information but please be aware, there may be households missing or incorrect. My next genealogy project is to map the Norman families in Missouri in 1880.
In 1870, there were 148 households in Missouri with people having the surname Norman (in 1860, there were 92). Some of these were families, some with more than one generation in the household, some with as many as nine children. Some were young men or women living or working as servants or laborers with other families. Some were young children, living with foster families or in one case, in an orphanage (Lucy Norman, 12 years old).
To see the change in the Norman families, compare the 1860 and 1870 map below. The numbers of Norman families have increased due to migration from other states, or because older children have established their own families. Some families or their members have migrated to the cities of Saint Louis or Kansas City.
By comparing the family lists, the whereabouts of various families can be traced. For example, in Laclede County in 1860 there were two Norman families, including Moses and Betsy Norman who I think may be Frank’s parents. By 1870, this family is no longer in Laclede County or anywhere else in Missouri. Also, I know from other records that their son Benj has died. The other 1860 Norman family (Moses and Lucinda with eight other family members) is now represented by Lucinda and four other family members (Moses died in 1873, so it is unknown why he is not with the family at Census time). I can trace remnants and descendants of this family through to 1880 (Lucinda died in 1891). There are two other Norman families in Laclede County in 1870, Newton Norman and William Norman. Newton Norman is Lucinda’s son and has his own family. I do not know the relationship, if any, of William Norman to the Moses and Lucinda family.
Six of the 1870 Norman families had sons named Francis/Frank. There is also a Frank L (born 1836) in St. Joseph, Buchanan County who is too old to be my Frank, and an ‘F. Norman of uncertain age in St, Louis. I think my ancestor was Francis M. Norman, son of Moses and Betsy Norman, living in Hooker, Laclede County in 1860. In 1870, he is 18 years old and if his parents have died, he could be anywhere. Sad sentence for a family historian!!!
Copyright 2016 Jane Tims
|Family Number (for my own reference)||Male (usually husband but also father or son)||Age||Female (usually wife but also mother or daughter)||Age||Number Other Normans in House-hold
(* son Francis)
|Township||County||Living with another family|
|42||John||39||Mary E.||21||9||St. Joseph||Buchanan|
|55||Frank L.||34||Stacy J.||26||2||St. Joseph||Buchanan|
|99||James M.P.||23||Mary F.||23||Findley||Douglas||Ellison|
|94||Louis C.||25||Martha F.||25||2||Cooper||Gentry|
|118||Joseph||27||Mary J.||23||3||Kansas City||Jackson|
|28||J.B.||45||Rosan||38||7 *||Pilot Grove||Moniteau|
|86||James M.||21||Anna||66||Pilot Grove||Moniteau|
|64||J.W.||32||Mary J.||31||2||Willow Fork||Moniteau|
|92||Joseph W.T.||25||Louisa A.||20||2||Clay||Monroe|
|13||Thomas M.||53||Julia A.||37||5||Oak Grove||Oregon|
|23||Charles W.||47||Mary E.||41||4||Moreland||Scott|
|70||John C.||30||Ann E.||23||2||Moreland||Scott|
|17||John||52||Mary||38||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|19||Pat||50||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|21||Daniel||49||Lucy||39||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|49||David||35||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|66||F.||??||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|87||Saml||21||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|93||Leslie R.||25||Mary||26||1 (Eliz 49)||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|98||Henry||24||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|103||Michael||22||St. Louis||St. Louis||Heinsey|
|119||Dennis||26||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|126||Lizzie||50||St. Louis||St. Louis||Washington|
|133||Angeline||30||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|136||N.||25||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|137||Louisa||22||St. Louis||St. Louis||Nayler|
|148||Lucy||12||St. Louis||St. Louis||Winter Orphanage|
|10||Christ||56||Catherin||56||3||Ste. Genevieve||Ste. Genevieve|
|97||Enos W.||24||Mary E.||20||1||Clay||Sullivan|
|59||John A.||33||Margaret||23||4 (Louisa 53)||Cass||Texas|
|52||Jacob F.||35||Eliza||33||3 *||Henry||Vernon|
In my search for my Great-Grandfather Frank Norman, I became interested in where Norman families were living in Missouri in 1860. Frank was born around 1855, so it is likely his family was still in Missouri for the 1860 Census. Locating all the Normans in Missouri also helped me be certain I have not missed any possible Frank Normans in my search.
To do this, I searched the 1860 US Census for the name Norman and located each family on an 1856 map of Missouri. Each black dot represents one or more households living at that location in 1860. I have included the table of households at the end of this post, in case this information would help other Norman families in their genealogy searches. I have double-checked the information but please be aware, there may be households missing or incorrect. My next genealogy project is to map the Norman families in Missouri in 1870.
In 1860, there were 92 households in Missouri with people having the surname Norman. Some of these were families, some with more than one generation in the household, some with as many as eight children. Some were young men or women living or working as servants or laborers with other families. Some were young children, living with foster families.
Four of Norman families had sons named Francis. As I have explained in earlier posts, I have eliminated three of these as possible candidates for my Great-Grandfather. I think my ancestor was Francis M. Norman, son of Moses and Betsy Norman, living in Hooker, Laclede County.
Copyright 2016 Jane Tims
Norman Families in Missouri in 1860 in order of County (from US Census)
|Household Number (for my own reference)||Male (usually husband but also father or son)||Age||Female (usually wife but also mother or daughter)||Age||Number Other Normans in House-hold
(* son Francis)
|Township||County||Family name if living with another family|
|47||Joel||39||Mary Ann||26||3||Shoal Creek||Barry|
|44||William A.||36||Mary A.||30||4* (Wm.F.)||Wilson||Greene|
|57||James C.||42||Sarah||30||2||Pond Creek||Greene|
|77||Robert P.||25||Mary L.||19||Wilson||Greene|
|39||Moses||29||Betsy||30||2 * (Francis M.)||Hooker||Laclede|
|21||John||34||Rosanna||29||5* (S.F.)||Twnshp 44||Moniteau|
|82||Jacob F.||24||Twnshp 44||Moniteau|
|45||Samuel||7||New Madrid||New Madrid||Fluty|
|83||William||28||New Madrid||New Madrid||White|
|5||Thomas N.||40||Julia A.||25||5||Oak Grove||Oregon|
|33||John||42||Mary||30||1||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|56||Robert||20||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|72||Dan||45||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|89||Betson||63||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|90||John||30||St. Louis||St. Louis|
|91||William||30||Anna||30||1||St. Louis||St. Louis|
In my last few posts, I have focussed on my research toward a new poetry project I will be beginning. I know there are interesting stories to be told about the ‘inside’ of the one room school. Because of my interests in botany and community history, I would like to reflect on the ‘outside’ of the one room school – its surroundings and geographic location.
I still have to do some thinking about this project. I know that people who attended one room schools will have stories to tell about how the local terrain and landscape influenced their schooling.
A school’s surroundings would have impacted learning in many ways. For example, the view of a lake from the school window may have caused many a pupil to settle into daydreams. Interesting fields, hills, and watercourses would provide the teacher with opportunities for nature study.
The location of the school would also influence recess and lunch-time activities. My Dad wrote about damming a local stream so they could skate in the winter months. The same stream meant fishing in May and June. A nearby hillside would be great for sledding in January and February. Trees in the school yard? – A place to climb or to hang a swing.
Students walked to school before the 1950s. The study I made of schools in Upham Parish, New Brunswick suggests that students walked as many as three miles to school in the late 1800s. Hills made the long walk to school more difficult. The winds by a lake or other shore land would be bitter on a winter day. Rivers, lakes and wetlands meant a place to hunt tadpoles. A spring by the road? – A cool drink. My Uncle, forced to wear a hat/scarf he hated, used the bridge on the way to school as a place to hide his headgear!
One room schools were located near clusters of houses and various community activities. The walk to school may have passed a church, a post office or a community store. Hardwood forests meant lumber mills and, in spring, maple syrup and the sugar shack. Good land meant farms; grazing land meant cows to outstare.
On a drive last weekend, we found an older building along the Saint John River that may have been a school. The Upper Queensbury Community Hall has all the characteristics of a one room school – the steep roof, rectangular footprint, and tall side windows.
A look at a map shows some of the landscape features in the area.
The Saint John River was nearby, although further than it is today since the Mactaquac Dam (built in 1968) has raised the level of the water. The river’s possibilities for fishing, skating and boating were only a downhill trek away. The terrain is gently undulating, as the names of nearby communities (Day Hill and Granite Hill) suggest. Local geographic points the community children may have known include the many-tiered Coac Falls and Coac Lake (an old road runs past the community hall back through the woods to the lake, about a mile away). The aerial photo (taken near the end of September) shows the red of the cranberry bog – picking cranberries may have been a well-known activity. Sugar maples are common in the area, as are old ‘sugar shacks’. When I interview people who went to the one room school I will have to remember to ask them about their memories of these places.
Writing poetry about these ideas will be so much fun!
Copyright 2016 Jane Tims
When I was young, recess was a big deal. You had to take a treat to eat and something for play. In Grade Three, tops were all the rage. My Dad made me a top from a wooden spool and we painted it in a rainbow of colours. I can still see it spinning on the concrete step. We also played hop-scotch, ball games like Ordinary Secretary, marbles, skipping and tag.
I am lucky to have some of my Dad’s writing about his early years and his experiences in a one room school. He went to the Weaver Settlement School in Digby County in Nova Scotia in the late 1920s and early 1930s. He tells about some of the activities at the school, especially at recess. Fishing was popular, as well as playing ball and trading jack knives.
… There was a well out beside the school and it was a good appointment to take care of the water-cooler for a day of a week … Gave a student time off from books…
… There was a brook nearby … In fall we usually built a dam so the brook became a pond for winter … A place to skate or just play on the ice …every moment of recess and noon was spent there …
… The big contest was ‘who comes to school first in bare feet ’ … Our parents had control, not full control as there were hiding places for shoes and stockings along the way to school …
I am certain recess is still a favorite time for school kids – time to talk with friends, play games and get a little break from the classroom. I think we could all build a little ‘recess’ into our busy lives!
Copyright 2016 Jane Tims